Draupadi Murmu Biography: A Journey from Teaching to Presidential Triumph
Droupadi Murmu, born on June 20, 1958, has emerged as a prominent figure in Indian politics, ascending to the highest office in the country as the 15th President. Her journey from a teacher to the President of India reflects resilience, dedication, and a commitment to public service. Draupadi Murmu
Early Life and Education Draupadi Murmu
Born to a Santali family in Uparbeda village, Rairangpur, Odisha, Droupadi Murmu’s early life was rooted in rural India. Her father, Biranchi Narayan Tudu, was a farmer and a traditional head of the village council. Despite the humble beginnings, young Puti Tudu, as she was initially named, showed promise from an early age. Renamed Droupadi by her school teacher, she embarked on her educational journey, moving to Bhubaneswar for higher studies after completing primary education in her village.
She pursued her secondary education at Girl’s High School Unit-2 and earned a B.A. degree from Rama Devi Women’s College. These formative years laid the groundwork for her future in academia and public service.
Early Career and Tragedy
Droupadi Murmu’s professional life began as a junior assistant at the irrigation department of the Government of Odisha from 1979 to 1983. Subsequently, she transitioned to the role of a teacher at Sri Aurobindo Integral Education and Research Centre in Rairangpur, where she taught Hindi, Odia, mathematics, and geography from 1994 to 1997.
Despite her commitment to education, personal tragedy struck as she faced the untimely deaths of her husband, two sons, mother, and a brother between 2009 and 2015. These challenging times tested Murmu’s resilience, and her ability to overcome personal loss became a defining aspect of her character.
Droupadi Murmu’s foray into politics began in 1997 when she was elected as the councillor of the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat as an independent candidate from a reserved seat for women. She later joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and went on to win the 2000 Odisha Legislative Assembly election from the Rairangpur Assembly constituency.
During her tenure in the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 2000 to 2009, she held various ministerial positions, including Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Commerce and Transportation, and later for Fisheries and Animal Resources Development. Murmu’s dedication and achievements did not go unnoticed, and in 2007, she received the Nilkanth Award for the Best MLA of the Odisha Legislative Assembly. Draupadi Murmu
Governor of Jharkhand (2015–2021)
Droupadi Murmu made history in 2015 when she was sworn in as the Governor of Jharkhand, becoming the first woman to hold this position. Her six-year tenure saw her administer the oath of office to Chief Minister Hemant Soren in 2019. However, criticisms emerged, particularly regarding her alleged inaction in ensuring the implementation of self-governance rights for tribal communities under the Fifth Schedule and the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996.
The Pathalgadi movement, a protest against proposed amendments to tribal land laws, brought attention to Murmu’s role. Despite receiving memorandums against the amendments, she initially did not intervene, leading to accusations of a soft stance on police aggression against tribal communities. Eventually, in 2017, she refused to give assent to the bills, leading to their withdrawal.
In June 2022, Droupadi Murmu’s political journey reached new heights when she was nominated as the National Democratic Alliance’s (NDA) candidate for the presidential election. Her campaign, marked by visits to various states and garnering support from multiple political parties, culminated in her victory on July 21, 2022. Draupadi Murmu
Murmu secured a clear majority in the electoral college, defeating the opposition candidate Yashwant Sinha with 64.03% of the total electoral votes. On July 26, 2022, she took the oath as the 15th President of India, becoming the first person from India’s designated tribal communities to hold this office. Draupadi Murmu
As President, Droupadi Murmu wasted no time in initiating key programs. In September 2022, she launched ‘Pradhanmantri TB mukht Bharat,’ an initiative aimed at eradicating tuberculosis from the country. Additionally, she became the first President to inaugurate the ‘Mysuru Dasara,’ a ten-day state festival in Karnataka.
Her visits to various states, participation in development projects, and engagement in ceremonies underscored her commitment to grassroots development. Notably, in April 2023, she took a historic flight in a Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jet, becoming the third president ever to do so. Draupadi Murmu
Recognition and Honors
Droupadi Murmu’s contributions have been recognized beyond India’s borders. In June 2023, she was awarded the Honorary Order of the Yellow Star by Suriname, the highest civilian honor of the country, highlighting her global impact and recognition.Draupadi Murmu
Droupadi Murmu’s journey from a teacher and a local councillor to the President of India is a testament to her dedication, resilience, and commitment to public service. Her presidency, marked by initiatives for healthcare and cultural events, showcases her vision for an inclusive and progressive India. As the nation watches the impact of her leadership unfold, Droupadi Murmu’s story serves as an inspiration for aspiring leaders and individuals facing adversity on their path to success. Draupadi Murmu
More story in Hindi to read:
Check out our daily hindi news:
Who is Draupadi Murmu husband?
In 1980, Droupadi Murmu entered into matrimony with Shyam Charan Murmu (1 April 1958 – 1 August 2014), a banker, and together they welcomed two sons and a daughter into their family. Tragically, her husband, along with their two sons (Sipun, who succumbed to a road accident, and Laxman, who passed away under mysterious circumstances), as well as her mother and a brother, all faced untimely deaths within a span of seven years, from 2009 to 2015.
Who is the youngest President of India?
Key Points about Droupadi Murmu:
Droupadi Murmu, born on June 20, 1958, is the 15th and current President of India, serving since 2022 as a Bharatiya Janata Party candidate.
She is the first person from the tribal community to hold the presidential office, and the second woman after Pratibha Patil.
Droupadi Murmu is the youngest individual to become the President and the first to be born in independent India.
Prior to her presidency, she served as the 8th Governor of Jharkhand from 2015 to 2021, holding the position for the longest tenure in the state.
Her political career includes being a member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly and holding ministerial roles in the Government of Odisha.
Droupadi Murmu faced personal tragedies, losing her husband, two sons, mother, and a brother between 2009 and 2015.
Her early career involved working as a junior assistant in the irrigation department and later as a teacher in Rairangpur.
In 1997, she entered politics by becoming a councillor of the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat and later joined the BJP.
As the Governor of Jharkhand, Murmu faced criticism for alleged inaction on tribal community rights during the Pathalgadi movement.
In the 2022 Presidential election, she secured a clear majority, defeating the opposition candidate Yashwant Sinha.
Droupadi Murmu’s presidency began on July 26, 2022, with the oath administered by Chief Justice N. V. Ramana.
She initiated the ‘Pradhanmantri TB mukht Bharat’ program in September 2022, focusing on eradicating tuberculosis in India.
Murmu became the first President to inaugurate the ‘Mysuru Dasara,’ a ten-day state festival in Karnataka.
Recognized globally, she received the Honorary Order of the Yellow Star from Suriname in June 2023, the highest civilian honor of the country.
Droupadi Murmu made history by taking a historic flight in a Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jet in April 2023, becoming the third president to do so.
In summary, Droupadi Murmu’s journey from a teacher and local councillor to the Presidency is marked by resilience, commitment, and a series of historic achievements. Her tenure as President has been characterized by notable initiatives, recognition, and a focus on addressing crucial health issues in the country.