Born as Gummadi Vithal Rao in 1949 in Toopran, located in the Medak district of Telangana, Gaddar took on a transformative path in the 1980s. He went underground and joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) People’s War, where he became a notable figure within its cultural division, captivating audiences with his performances. An assassination attempt in 1997 left a bullet lodged in his spine.
Until 2010, Gaddar remained an active participant in the Naxal movement. Subsequently, he embraced an Ambedkarite perspective, identifying himself as Gaddar, a name that paid homage to the historical Gadar party that opposed British colonial rule in Punjab.
As the Telangana movement gained momentum, Gaddar extended his support to the cause of a distinct Telangana state. He championed the elevation of marginalized communities, particularly dalits and backward castes, envisioning a socially just Telangana where scheduled tribes and scheduled castes enjoyed political representation on par with other groups. He stood in solidarity with Devender Goud’s Nava Telangana Praja Party (NTPP), even enduring police gunfire during Goud’s tenure as Andhra Pradesh’s home minister.
For more than two decades, Gaddar held a profound influence over the younger generation through his revolutionary music and stage presentations.
After battling severe heart disease, Gaddar was admitted to a hospital in Hyderabad on July 20, 2023. On August 3, 2023, he underwent bypass surgery. Unfortunately, complications arising from lung and urinary issues led to his passing on August 6, 2023, at the age of 74.